reduced to scales or phyllodes:
Leaves reduced to phyllodes. Flowers small, in bright
clusters – see wattles below.
Leaves reduced to scales.
following are the most common types:
MYALL (OR BOREE) (acacia pendula)
Drooping shrub. Phyllodes ashy, 5-6cm long, 3-8cm wide.
Pods flat, winged, 1cm wide, 2-5cm long. MYALL is a small tree with
drooping branches and is often called WEEPING BOREE. MYALL is found on
good well drained soil which may be alluvial, heavy clay or black soil
1 WEEPING MYALL - Acacia pendula
BRIGALOW (a harpophylla)
Tree-phyllodes silver, curved, 10-20cm long. Pods narrow,
5-13cm long. This wattle can grow to a medium sized tree and may be
found in almost pure stands or as scattered individuals in mixed
forests. It may also form dense thickets. It often grows on heavy clay
soils, especially where these are subject to periodic flooding.
YARRAN (a homalophylla)
Tree-phyllodes greyish, 2-5cm long, 2-9 mm wide. Pods thin
slightly curved 2-5cm long. YARRAN is another of the wattles of the
North West Slopes and Plains which can, given the suitable conditions,
develop into a small to medium tree. It occurs as scattered individuals
or in small clumps. YARRAN grows in a wide range of sites including
river flats, dry ridges and red soil plains.
REDUCED TO SCALES
most extensive commercial forest type in NSW are the western forests
containing an appreciable proportion of WHITE CYPRESS PINE and
sometimes BLACK CYPRESS PINE. It is found throughout western NSW
being best on fairly light textured soils between the 380 - 680mm pa
areas have been destroyed for agricultural development but stands are
still found in the Pilliga Scrub between Coonabarabran and Narrabri
and other small forests are scattered throughout the western slopes
and nearer western plains districts. Often associated with IRONBARKS,
BOXES, and REDGUMS. It is a valuable timber. Forests are low and
open and are often used for grazing.
2 WHITE CYPRESS PINE - Callitris glauca
REDUCED TO 3 OR 4 SCALES.
A CONE OR 6 LARGE SCALES:
is commonly used for shade and shelter particularly in the pastoral
zones as it is resistant to drought and is not eaten by stock. It
flourishes in areas of poor soil and low rainfall where most other
species would perish. It is a good building timber and is termite
WHITE CYPRESS PINE (callitris columellaris):
Foliage greyish. Branches slightly drooping. Tree has rounded or
straggly top). The white cypress is a slender pyramidal tree. This is
not a true pine tree but was named as it looked similar to those which
occur in Europe and North America. It is widely distributed in inland
Queensland and NSW and forms the basis of most commercial forestry
operations in the region. WHITE CYPRESS PINE produces timber of high
quality and forests are carefully managed to ensure good supplies for
domestic purposes. It prefers to grow on good sandy loam soils with a
well drained subsoil. Much of the present wheat belt of NSW was
previously covered by WHITE CYPRESS PINE.
BLACK CYPRESS PINE (callitris endlicheri)
Foliage greenish. Tree has pointed top. Bract has knob
near end. BLACK CYPRESS PINE is less common than WHITE CYPRESS PINE and
has a lower commercial value,. It is also has a slightly more western
habitat. BLACK CYPRESS PINE prefers shallow, well drained sandy soil.
It will grow on hills and stony ridges.
3 KURRAJONG - Barchyiton populneum
The KURRAJONG is a
popular tree for landowners in the pastoral regions and slopes of
NSW. It is a very useful fodder tree as well as being excellent for
shade and shelter. However, the wood is soft having no commercial
LEAVES REDUCED TO 9-16 SCALES.
FRUIT: A WOODY CONE:
about 2.5cm in diameter. Rounded as broad as long. BELAH is found
throughout the Western Slopes and Plains usually on heavy soils
especially those which are alkaline. It is generally confined to moist
flats and depressions, floodways or seasonally inundated watercourses.
It occasionally grows on red soils on higher ground where there are
heavy clay subsoils.
OAK (c leuhmanni)
about 1.5cm in diameter. Flattened, much broader than long. BULL OAK is
closely related and similar to BELAH. Generally, however, Bull Oak
grows further west and in drier and less fertile soils. It is not as
restricted to depressions and may occur in association with a number of